Enter your e-mail address above. Using a voltmeter, the researchers recorded a discharge from an E. voltai. (in genetics) A quality or characteristic that can be inherited. Their study appears in Nature Communications. (in math or for measurements). Say hello to two new species of electric eel, including one that can discharge up to 860 volts, the strongest of any known animal, researchers say. Electric eels have been shown to curl their bodies around larger or more elusive prey. E. voltai dwells in clear, well-oxygenated water in high elevations, but because of the small amount of dissolved salts, the water is less electrically conductive so the eel must produce stronger volt discharges to kill its prey. “The electric eel, which can reach 2.5 metres in length, is the only fish that produces such a strong discharge; it uses three electric organs. A term for things that exist in the real world, as opposed to in memories or the imagination. A few were specimens from museums. He wasn’t part of the study team. The Sachs organ is associated with electrolocation. Then they recorded the voltage between its head and tail. please contact my email: spadmanabh009@gmail.com. The electric eel can generate deadly shocks up to 600 volts strong. physical     (adj.) Carolyn enjoys writing about chemistry, microbes and the environment. These eels aren’t exactly new kids on the block. Carolyn Wilke is a former staff writer at Science News for Students. trait     A characteristic feature of something. A habitat can be home to thousands of different species. They also send out weaker pulses to sense hidden prey and communicate with each other. That’s in Washington, D.C. De Santana and his colleagues described the new eels in Nature Communications on September 10. We delete comments that violate our policy, which we encourage you to read. That strategy has the effect of doubling the strength of the electric field between the electric eel’s positive pole (which is located near the head) and its negative pole (which is located near the tail). More closely related animals are like twigs on the same branch. It can deliver a shocking 860 volts. shock     (in biology and medicine) A potentially fatal bodily reaction to a variety of conditions, including illness, injury, blood loss and lack of adequate water, usually characterized by marked loss of blood pressure, decreased blood circulation and inadequate blood flow to the tissues. New Electric Eel Is Most Shocking Yet Packing 860 volts, the newly discovered species “will not kill a healthy person.” Still, it has jolted scientists. The previous electric eel voltage record documented was 650 volts. “The electric eel, which can reach 2.5 meters in length, is the only fish that produces such a strong discharge; it uses three electric organs. Weekly updates to help you use Science News for Students in the learning environment. subtle     Some feature that may be important but can be hard to see or describe. This pointed to there being two groups. Inside the organ are many muscle-like cells, called electrocytes. "The discovery of new electric eel species in Amazonia is suggestive of the vast amount of species that remain to be discovered in nature," said Carlos David de Santana, associate researcher at Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic. THANKS FOR WATCHING Please Like, Comments & Subscribe If there are any copyright issues with any videos posted here I will happy to remove them. Founded in 2003, Science News for Students is a free, award-winning online publication dedicated to providing age-appropriate science news to learners, parents and educators. 6.4K likes. All along the western front People line up to receive She got the power in her hands To shock you like you won't believe Saw her in the amazon With the voltage running through her skin Standing there with nothing on She's gonna teach me how to swim. Whether the shock of an electric eel is fatal also may depend on the size of the eel, which, by the way, isn't actually an eel at all. Electric eels are already dramatic. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The shock is used for defense and predation,” said Carlos David de Santana, an associate researcher at the US National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) and first author of the study. This defense mechanism is … More distant relatives show up on different branches, he explains. So the scientists suspected that other eel species lurked in the region’s rivers. This enables the electricity to travel through the fresh water, which is not the best conductor of electricity. Researchers have named a new species of eel that can produce an electric shock up to 860 volts. Using a voltmeter, the researchers recorded a discharge from an E. voltai. The source of their power is a battery-like array of cells known as electrocytes, which make up around 80 per cent of the eel’s metre-long body. © Society for Science & the Public 2000–2020. (v.) To attack and eat another species. Journal:​ ​​C.D. That being said, you could probably kill an electric eel if you had a strong enough current. habitat     The area or natural environment in which an animal or plant normally lives, such as a desert, coral reef or freshwater lake. “We haven’t even scratched the surface in terms of understanding how many organisms are out there,” Hopkins says. Electric Eel Shock 2020 is our 26th BIRTHDAY!!! The high voltage strike of an electric eel has long been regarded as one of the most ... might keep careening through the water even after its muscles have been deactivated by the eel’s shocks. Electric eels come by their name for good reason — depending on the species, they can release an electric shock of up to 860 volts. “It just hurts,” he says. He notes that the differences between the species are somewhat subtle. This explains why the eel's voltage is recorded at 151 volts to 572 volts, which is much lower than E. voltai, according to the study. organ     (in biology) Various parts of an organism that perform one or more particular functions. Electric eels – actually a type of knifefish, not true eels – are notorious for being able to produce a hefty electric shock of up to around 600V. The low intensity charges emitted by the eel range from 5 to 10 V. The higher intensity charges vary by the size of the eel. genetic     Having to do with chromosomes, DNA and the genes contained within DNA. The scientists studied 107 eels collected from Brazil, French Guyana, Guyana, Suriname, Peru and Ecuador. electric charge     The physical property responsible for electric force; it can be negative or positive. He works at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. Says Hopkins of the new study, “If I had to grade it like a teacher would, I would say it’s an A++ … It’s great.”, This electrifying example highlights that there are still undiscovered creatures. range     The full extent or distribution of something. One of the newly found species has been named Electrophorus voltai. The electric eel is only one of about 500 species of fish capable of delivering an electric shock. rainforest     Dense forest rich in biodiversity found in tropical areas with consistent heavy rainfall. People who work in this field are geneticists. Most came from the wild. Electric Eel Facts For Kids & Adults: Pictures, Information & Video The electric eel is famous throughout the world for its ability to generate electricity. eel     A fish with a snake-like body and no scales. L. … The organs give the electric eel the ability to generate two types of electric organ discharges, low voltage and high voltage. A neurobiologist, he studies animal brains and behavior. And one of the new species unleashes the highest voltage of any known animal. "The region is of great interest to other scientific fields, such as medicine and biotechnology, reinforcing the need to protect and conserve it.". These organs make up four fifths of its body, and give the electric eel the ability to generate two types of electric organ discharges: low voltage and high voltage. For instance, a plant or animal’s range is the area over which it naturally exists. But “they get a bit more dramatic as you realize they’re pushing 1,000 volts,” says Stoddard. Electric Eel Shock. Here’s the second newfound eel species: E. varii. To do this, they riled up each eel with a little prod to the snout. It did this on the basis of genetic similarities, notes Phillip Stoddard. and discovered something shocking -- it reached up to 860 volts, which is the highest voltage found in any animal. It’s rare to see just one fish species spread across such different habitats in this area, de Santana says. I said, ooh girl Shock me like an electric eel Baby girl Turn me on with your electric feel I said, ooh girl Shock me like an electric eel … There are 19 species of catfish, which are related to electric eels, capable of delivering an electric shock up to 350 volts. The scientists compared the eels’ physical traits and genetic differences. organism     Any living thing, from elephants and plants to bacteria and other types of single-celled life. This newly discovered species of electric eel (Electrophorus voltai) can give quite a shock. E. varii lives in the lowest part of the Amazon Basin in low-oxygenated waters that contain a high amount of dissolved salts that increase the conductivity of the water. David de Santana calls himself a “fish detective.” This zoologist works at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History. The current produced by electric eels is low compared to other electric animals, but the voltage, or pressure pushing that current, is high. species     A group of similar organisms capable of producing offspring that can survive and reproduce. de Santana​ ​et​ ​al.​ Unexpected species diversity in electric eels with a description of the strongest living bioelectricity generator.​ ​​Nature Communications.​ ​​Vol.​ ​10,​ ​September 10, 2019. doi:​ ​10.1038/s41467-019-11690-z. They found differences between some bones. Scientists measured a zap of 860 volts, making it the record holder among known species. The electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, is a fish classified in the order Gymnotiformes and is a cousin to the carp and catfish. The scientists also used animals from each species to measure the strength of their shock. Electric eels use strong zaps to defend themselves and take down prey. Electric eels are fish with organs that can generate an electric charge. The voltage variation could have something to do with the eels' natural habitats. prey     (n.) Animal species eaten by others. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by e-mail. The scientists used a computer to mathematically sort the animals. Stoddard speaks from his own experience working with electric eels. Electric eels send out an electrical discharge to stun prey. New electric eel species zaps with highest voltage of any animal Duration: 01:05 9/10/2019 For more than 200 years, it was thought that there's only one species of electric eel. behavior     The way something, often a person or other organism, acts towards others, or conducts itself. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion. Many migrate from freshwater to saltwater when it’s time to spawn. Newly described species of electric eel serves up shocks of 860 volts That earns this fish, Electrophorus voltai , the title of the strongest known living source of electricity. The shock is used for defense and predation,” said Carlos David de Santana, an associate researcher at the US National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), administered by the Smithsonian Institution, and first author of the article. Previous electric eel voltage record documented was 650 volts compared the eels ’ physical traits genetic... Eel is only one of the new eels in Nature Communications on 10! 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