Answer: The book of Psalms is a collection of inspired songs used in worship of God, and many of them foretell the coming of the Messiah and predict events that were fulfilled in the life of Jesus Christ. Rabbi Yosi Mizrachi claims that Jesus cannot be the Messiah, because when he was on the cross he begged God to save him, but God didnt save him and he wasnt able to save himself. But such an approach to these words is clearly wrong. A recurring spiritual remedy in the Psalms is to fill the mind with memories of Gods past faithfulness to assure us of His presentfaithfulness. In this Psalm, we find the author lamenting that God has forsaken him and doesn't help him. Psalm 22 - For the worship leader. In the New Testament, Matthew describes what happened: And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? that is, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? (Mt. . It constitutes one of the most amazing predictions of all time. for He delights in him. In Psalm 22 the AWAKEN ISRAEL TO THE HOPE OF MESSIAH: Help with our end of year need! This success is the Lords doing, for kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations (v. 28). As we seek to understand Psalm 22 so that we can appropriate it and use it, we need to see in it the direction of the history of the church: first suffering and then glory. ~ David Praises God. This excerpt is adapted from Learning to Love the Psalms by W. RobertGodfrey. Yet, even in this extreme distress, David never loses faith or falls into complete hopelessness. One doesn't need to know much about Hebrew poetry to recognize that the chapter is structured through familiar musical terms like "Selah" (v. 3, 9, 13) that are common throughout the Psalms. We also need to see something of a pattern of piety for the church and for the individual Christian. 1416), but that he feels that God does not hear him and does not care about his suffering. In other words, Jesus wasnt asking God for help, but he was deliberately quoting King Davids words in Psalm 22. David was often a "godly sufferer"one who was about God's business but was suffering at the hands of God's enemies. 121). Those words are actually the first line of Psalm 22, which according to Jewish tradition was written by King David about 1,000 years before Jesus was crucified. And now comes the climax, pay attention to verse 16: For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; Like a lion my hands and feet.. This psalm is not only the experience of every believer, but it is also a very remarkable and specific prophecy of the sufferings of Jesus. How much my breath before it ceases? Seeing Jesus in the Psalms Psalm 2, 16, 22, 110. David was delivered from death and he goes on living. Title. A personal participation - "My praise." 22:16). Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death (Heb. 1618). Psalm 22:23 - Glory to God the fruit of the tree on which Jesus died. Then he will cry and weep, and his voice will rise to the very height of heaven, and he will say to God: Master of the universe, how much can my strength endure? in all its fullness to as many people as possible. These words were first uttered by David, and David was speaking for all of Gods people. John Calvin in his commentary concluded that a sense of being forsaken by God, far from being unique to Christ or rare for the believer, is a regular and frequent struggle for believers. He shouted in Aramaic: Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? which means: My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?, Both Jesus and Matthew direct us to call to mind Psalm 22. Jesus crucifixion was in 30s C.E. Also the Septuagint, which was written by Jewish scribes during the 3rd century BC before Jesus, the word is Kaaru (they have pierced) and not Kaari (like a lion). My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me? His sufferings are copiously described from the beginning of the Psalm to verse 22. If youve ever wondered what Jesus actually said in the Garden of Gethsemane as He wrestled with bearing our sins (the gospels only give a brief synopsis), you probably have it here. The greater David, Jesus Messiah, was delivered out of death by his resurrection. 2:14). At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?" (Psalm 22:17) Once again, David describes the fact that Jesus felt His bones were all out of joint. Category: Articles. The Hebrew of Psalm 22:1 reads eli eli lamah azabthani. Psalm 22:25 - Public praise. Reading the words of Psalm 22 makes one immediately take noticeDavid's words were taken, often verbatim, by another "godly sufferer." In fact, the Midrash explicitly states that: it was because of the ordeal of the son of David, that David wept, saying: My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death. (Ps. When Rabbi Akiva coined the phrase: Tradition is a fence to the Torah, its doubtful he imagined how the rabbinic tradition of the so-called Because the best way to bless Israel is with Yeshua (Jesus)! The psalmist, indeed, proclaims the name of God, particularly in terms of His saving mercy: For he has not despised or abhorred the affliction of the afflicted, and he has not hidden his face from him, but has heard, when he cried to him (v. 24). Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. As we praise Him, we can continue to face with grace and faith the problems that come daily into ourlives. The Lord achieves His triumph through the instruments He uses. (By the way, even if we were to agree for a moment that King David was only speaking of himself and not about the future, the Sages also agreed that King David is a prototype of the Messiah. He wrote, There is not one of the godly who does not daily experience in himself the same thing. . Lets look at Psalm 22. They prefer to contradict the Sages than allow the prophecy to apply to Jesus. His anguish leads him to prayer, and the first words of the prayer are My God. Even in his suffering and wondering about the ways of God, he does not let go of his knowledge that God is his God. Psalm 22 is about David. This is another example of the way the rabbis concealed and are still concealing the Messiahship of Jesus from you, even by changing and twisting the Old Testament text. Posted March 28, 2018 by Steve Cowart Uncategorized.. Its All About Jesus. Jesus does deliver us by becoming our substitute and the sacrifice for oursins. These very words would be uttered about 1,000 years later by the Son of David, Jesus Christ when he was hanging on the cross. 27:46). The psalm forms a regular p Which may be considered either as In the Dead Sea Scrolls, scrolls from over 2,200 ago, that contain Psalm 22 among other scriptures, we can see that in this chapter, in verse 16, it says Kaaru (they have pierced), and not Kaari (like a lion). To the tune of The Doe of the Morning. A psalm of David. 910). Jesus knew this psalm and quoted its first words to identify with us in our suffering, since He bore on the cross our agony and suffering. Here are a few reasons why, Rashi says about Psalm 22: Lema sabachthani? They are destined to go into exile, and David recited this prayer for the future. He says that about verse 2 and he also attributes verse 27 to the time of our redemption in the days of our Messiah., The famous Midrash from the eighth-century, Pesikta Rabbati, places some of the words of Psalm 22 on the lips of the suffering Messiah. We need to reflect on these words and the whole psalm as they relate to Christ and to all His people in order to understand themfully. Christian commentary on Psalm 22 differs from the Jewish commentary. Psalm 22 is perhaps one of the more fascinating psalms composed in this song collection. Psalm 22:24 (first clause) - A common fear dispelled. The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but youve got Javascript disabled. These words were first uttered by David, and David was speaking for all of Gods people. These are the very words that King David wrote at the beginning of Psalm 22. He even taught that in the month of Nisan our Patriarchs will arise and say of the Messiah: Ephraim, our true Messiah, even though were thy forbears, thou art greater than we because thou didst suffer for the iniquities of our children, and terrible ordeals befell thee that did not befell the firsts or the lasts. (Pesikta Rabbati 37:1) And he said: and thine eyes grew dim from fasting, and thy strength was dried up like a potsherd, all these afflictions on account of the iniquities of our children. (Pesikta Rabbati 37:1). In total, twenty-five different psalms (one out of every six psalms) include at least one messianic prophecy. We wonder how our loving heavenly Father can stand idly by when we are in suchdistress. I. 7: All who see me mock me; they make mouths at me; they wag their heads: They look at me and mock me, curse me and reject me. He calls on his brothers to join him in praise: You who fear the LORD, praise him! (v.23). It must first be noted that Psalms can most certainly be predictive prophecies. Psalm 22. He remembers Gods past faithfulness in Israels history: In you our fathers trusted; they trusted, and you delivered them. Rabbi Yosi Mizrachi believes that Jesus begged God to save him, but that is not quite what Matthew described. Such proclamation is vital to the mission of God in the world. Kaaru in biblical Hebrew means to make a hole while Kaari means like a lion. Well the thing is that this isnt what King David really wrote, but a later change that the rabbis made to the text. It is no surprise, then, that throughout the Psalms there are numerous references to events and persons in Davids own life. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Show Me Your Glory: Understanding the Majestic Splendor ofGod, La Biblia de Estudio de La Reforma, SpanishEdition, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. Here is the most intense suffering Gods servant can knownot just that enemies surround him (vv. Even in His last hours Jesus continued with this teaching tool that also served the purpose of acknowledging the fact that He was the true Messiah, fulfilling every single prophecy about Himself from the Old Testament. A Psalm of David. Psalm 22 was written by David around 1000 BC. But King Davids prophecy about the Messiah sounded too Christian so they simply changed a letter in order to change its meaning. However, modern rabbis, like Rabbi Tovia Singer, Rabbi Yosi Mizrachi and Rabbi Daniel Asor (who are known for their hatred toward Messianic Jews) decided to re-interpret this section According to them, David simply spoke about himself Not about the future, and not about the Messiah. For example, David's hands and feet were never "pierced" (Psalm 22:16), and nobody "cast lots" (Psalm 22:18) for David's clothes. A Psalm of David." The psalm begins with a section dominated by the agonized prayer of David (vv. Great Jewish commentators like Rashi understood that in this chapter David is not only speaking about himself, but about the coming Messiah. The praise rests on the abundant promise: All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the LORD, and all the families of the nations shall worship before you . The pattern is this: The real and inescapable problems of life in this fallen world should lead us to prayer. We encourage you to sit down and read the entire chapter, but pay attention to some of the key verses in the chapter, in which King David, who died of old age in the arms of Abishag, describes the future death of the Messiah; a death full of rejection, torture and humiliation: 1: My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Psalm 22 is the prayer of a suffering martyr, who suffers unto death for the sake of his people, and is about salvation and resurrection by God as an answer to prayer. All around the world today, Jesus is known and worshiped. "But thou [art] holy, [O thou] that inhabitest the praises of Israel." Do you understand? As He looked down upon His body while hanging by the nails, it seemed as if He was able to count all the bones in His body. Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?: My God, why do you leave me, why dont you save me and ignore my cries? It is amazing to me that there is even such a discussion. Rather, He was quoting Psalm 22:1. In Matthew 27:46 we have recorded: This entire description sounds too much like Jesus crucified on the cross, after he was rejected and tortured. Does the Bible really endorse slavery (as Sam Harris claims)? In 2 Samuel 22, David delivers Psalm 18 after being saved from his enemies and Saul. As we begin this study, it will be helpful if youll get 4 bookmarks or slips of paper and place one each at Ps 22, Matt 27, Mark 15, & Luke 23. This ardent praise is for the success of the cause of God. A well-known rabbinical Midrash composed about 1,200 years ago states that in Psalm 22 King David predicted the sufferings of the prophesied Messiah. 27, 29). By quoting the opening line of Davids psalm, Jesus revealed to those present at his crucifixion and to all who would later hear of and read about his death that every line of Psalm 22 is about the Messiah. My Life and the Gospel Revolution Anastasia, The Psychological Power of Tradition over the Jewish people (in rejecting Christ). Jesus was not inventing unique words to interpret His suffering. And you know who else did? From him and through him and to him are all things. What are they so afraid of, you might wonder? In the midst of his anguish, he articulates that faith. It's a psalm which David wrote, and it clearly prophesies about Jesus' death on the cross, an event which would not take place for hundreds of years. The rabbis shortened the last Hebrew letter of the word, and by doing so, changed the word from Kaaru=they have pierced to the word kaari = like a lion. Jesus addressed the crowd in their spoken language, in Aramaic, so that they would hear and understand. King David, who wrote Psalm 22 under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, saw that one of his Jewish descendants would suffer like him, and even much more. Jesus revealed that all of Psalm 22 is about him. How much can my spirit endure? 13: they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion: Like a predator lion, they yell at me. At these words, the Messiah will reply: Master of the universe Now I am reconciled. At this moment, thy pain is like my pain. IV. Remembering the promises of God will help us to praise Him as we ought. Rather, He was quoting Psalm 22:1. For that reason, this psalm ends with this firm certainty: He has done it (v. 31). Psalm 22 was written a Psalm 22:24 - A consoling fact in history attested by universal experience. Keep them there throughout this study, for we will be looking back and forth, comparing texts. These are the identical words to what Jesus said on the cross, and it's recorded in Matthew 27. Jesus life ends disappointedly, whereas the psalmist, after metaphorically describing his trials and tribulations, concludes on a My God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer, by night, but I find no rest. "Arabs are the enemy". Amen (Rom. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? But in His suffering and death, the Messiah would take upon Himself the punishment and suffering that we deserve. So given this context, it would make much more sense for Psalm 22 to relate an experience of David instead of the experience of Jesus. Agonized prayer turns to ardent praise. Psalm 22:1a. Yet in it David sings as more than an artist, but as one of the greatest prophets ever to speak, pointing more to his Greater Son, Jesus the Messiah, than even to himself. In it we have a picture of the crucifixion and resurrection of the Lord Jesus painted by the psalmist David one thousand years before Jesus Christ was born. We must never stop praying, even in our deepestdistress. To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David. After suffering comes the glory of a worldwidekingdom. It has hyperbole or exaggeration about David that finds expression about the greater David, Messiah. The failure that at the beginning of the psalm seemed certain is now swallowed up in victory. What does it mean Like a lion, my hands and my feet? In the second part of this psalm, the mood and tone change dramatically. Do you think we just invented all of this? Am I not flesh and blood? These scrolls were written long before the time of Jesus. During the seven year period preceding the coming of the son of David, iron beams will be brought low and loaded upon his neck until the Messiahs body is bent low. Psalm 22:8He trusts in the LORD; let him deliver him . We need to reflect on these words and the whole psalm as they relate to Christ and to all His people in order to understand them fully. 16:18). 15: my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death: I am dried out and powerless, my tongue sticks in my mouth, you laid me on the dust of death. Originally the verse read like this: For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet. Meaning, they made holes in my hands and my feet. The scriptures should vanquish any question we have as to whether this is referring to the Christ. 12: Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me: Like strong bulls that surround me. A few days ago, in a debate between Atheist Sam Harris and Ben Shapiro, Sam Harris claimed: 7, 1213) and that his body is in dreadful pain (vv. Great Jewish commentators like Rashi understood that in this chapter David is not only speaking about himself, but about the coming Messiah. Why are You so far from 11:36). To you they cried and were rescued; in you they trusted and were not put to shame (vv. That which is foretold about his vows (verse 25), hath respect to his priestly function. The servant is content to be like his Master (Pesikta Rabbati 36:2). And surely, since the time of Pentecost, we have seen the fulfillment of this promise. Jun 05, 2019 During this time, the Holy One, blessed be He, will say to him: Ephraim, My true Messiah, long ago, ever since the six days of creation, thou didst take this ordeal upon thyself. The Book of Psalms is the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament. His suffering was unique at that point as He offered Himself up for the sins of His people. He was particularly self-conscious about the people staring at him. This includes the words from the Psalm mentioned at the start of this message. To him be glory forever. Whole Psalm. (1-2) The cry of the forsaken. You've got to keep that in mind. There is quite a bit of debate whether this psalm refers to the Christ or not. Why are you so far from saving me, so far from my Psalm 22 speaks of a man who cries out to God for deliverance from intense persecution. This Psalm, as it sets out the sufferings of Christ to the full, so also his three great offices. from W. Robert Godfrey This ode of singular excellence was committed to the most excellent of the temple songsters; the chief among ten thousand is worthy to be extolled by the chief Musician; no meaner singer must have charge of such a strain; we must see to it that we call up our best abilities when Jesus is the theme of praise. 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